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    I Suffissi (Suffixes)

     

    1.     When different suffixes are added to Italian nouns (including proper nouns) and adjectives, they express various shades of meaning.

     

    casa                 -  casetta  little house

    naso                -  nasone  big nose

    tempo                         -  tempaccio  bad weather

    piccolo            -  piccolino  rather small

     

    When a suffix is added, the final vowel of the word is dropped.

     

    2.     The suffixes –ino/a/i/e, -etto/a/i/e, -ello/a/i/e, and –uccio, -uccia, -ucci, -ucce indicate smallness or express endearment.

     

    naso  nose                   -  nasino  cute little nose

    case  houses                -  cassette  little houses

    cattivo  bad, naughty  -  cattivello  a bit naughty

    Maria  Mary               -  Mariuccia  little Mary

     

    3.     The suffix –one/a/i/e indicates largeness.*

     

    libro  book                  -  librone  big book

    lettere  letter              -  letterona  long letter

    pigro  lazy                  -  pigrone  very lazy

    Beppe  Joe                  - Beppone  big Joe

     

    4.     The suffix –accio, -accia, -acci, -acce conveys badness or ugliness.

     

    libro  book                  -  libraccio  bad book

    tempo  weather          -  tempaccio  awful weather

    parola  word              -  parolaccia  dirty word

    ragazzo  boy               -  ragazzaccio  bad boy