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    7 Wonders Of Ancient Rome

     

    7. Circus Maximus-

    ·      Ancient Roman Chariot Racing Stadium

    ·      First one built in wood Over 500 Years ago

    ·      Emperor Trajan rebuilt it in marble and stone after the first Circus Maximus was burned down

    ·      Concrete- New material 1st structured by Roma

    ·      Length--621m. (2,037 ft.)

    ·      Width—118 m. (387 ft.)

    ·      Gladiator wars for peoples entertainment

    ·      50 gladiators died Everyday

    ·      494 B.C. (Republican Era)

    ·      Speculates speed, danger and death

    ·      350,000 seats

    ·      Ludi games- 7 times around

    ·      Twice as big as any other stadium

     

    6. Trajan’s Forum-

    ·      A fire wall separated the Market from the Forum

    ·      Its compared to Times Square NYC and Piccadilly Circus London

    ·      1st non-Stalian Emperor (Spanish)

    ·      1ST shopping mall

    ·      5 stories

    ·      Futuristic Design

    ·      Trajan’s market=efficient  

    ·      A Greek Apollolous

     

     

    5. Aqueducts

    ·      260 miles of linked network of aqueducts

    ·      The Channel needed to be rained

    ·      Romans Perfected the arch

    ·      Limit height to 70 ft.

    ·      180 ft. total

    ·      Sometimes a second tier or third

    ·      Water proof cement formula- Volcanic ash + lime

    ·      Water first goes to public places, then it public baths, last it goes to private homes

    ·      Frontonous- water engineer

    ·      #1 Common interest pleasing the public

    ·      Natural springs water not from Tiberus River

     

    4. Baths Of Caracalla

    ·      Health Spa

    ·      Bath complex

    ·      Marcus Aurelius Severus Antonius Augustus

    ·      So hated –Murdered his brother in front of his mother and erased his brothers name from everything

    ·      To win over the people who hated him, he built the baths or metaphorically to get rid of his guilt

    ·      Lasted between 188 A.D. -217 A.D.

    ·      11,000 square yards

    ·      Granted roman Citizenship to all free men (Done for purpose of raising tax revenue)

    ·      Thermal baths

    ·      Hypo cast – Underwater heating

    ·      As many as 2,000 people in baths

    ·      Assassinated by his own body guard

    ·      Most FLAWED Emperor

     

    3. Roads

    ·      Roads often straight

    ·      Came of Roman Communication system

    ·      Built by slaves and private citizens

    ·      Made with sand, clay, and then paved

    ·      Made with trenches on the sides of them so water drains

    ·      20 miles for every 7 hours (Marching)

    ·      1 mile every 3 days (Building)

     

    2. Pantheon

    ·      Temple for all the Gods

    ·      Hagrian 125 A.D.

    ·      Hagrian Could draw his own architectural plans

    ·      Hagrian had Apollodorus executed

    ·      Also a great Villa

    ·      Had an opening at the top for people to talk to the gods

    ·      Classic and modern style

    ·      Granite Colum’s 40 ft. high only

    ·      Challenge- how to stop it from collapsingàMade it thick walls and had 8 piers 20 ft. thick

    ·      Arches reduce the weight of the domes

    ·      Opening at top to reduce weight and to be able to speak to the gods

     

    1.   Colloseum  

    ·      The Flavian Ampitheater

    ·      16+ stories

    ·      80,000 seats

    ·      Emperor Nero- the new Emperor

    ·      Emperor Nero took his own life

    ·      Colleseums purpose- Entertainment for the people

    ·      42 Emperors used it

    ·      Oval Design

    ·      Vaulted tunnels

    ·      76 entrances

    ·      1st 3 arches

    ·      5,000 animals slaughtered per day

    ·      700,000 died here

    ·      100 days of games

    ·      Gladiator contest

    ·      Killing of beasts; execution

    ·      Took 10 years to build

    ·      70-80 A.D.

    ·      Solid walls of concrete

    ·      4 centuries of active use

    ·      in 18th century – it became a source of building materials

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